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夯实基础阶段达标一七年级_taketheplaceof是什么意思

来源:新浪博客 2017年02月18日 热度: °c

摘要:第一讲七年级(上)Units1~6类别新课标要求重点词汇拓展1.friend→adj.友好的friendly→n.友谊friendship2.know→n.知识;学问knowledge→adj.有学问的;知识渊博的knowledgeable3.interesting→adj.感兴趣的interest...

  第一讲  七年级() Units 16

类别

新课标要求

1.friend→adj.友好的friendly →n.友谊friendship

2.know→n.知识;学问 knowledge  →adj.有学问的;知识渊博的 knowledgeable

3.interesting→adj.感兴趣的 interested →n.兴趣 interest

4.boring→adj.厌烦的;厌倦的 bored →v.使厌烦 bore

5.fun→n.乐趣;娱乐 fun    →adj.有趣的;可笑的 funny

6.difficult→n.困难 difficulty →(同义词)adj.困难的 hard

7.relaxing→v.放松 relax  →adj.放松的 relaxed

8.tomato→(pl.)西红柿 tomatoes

9.also→(同义词) too/either →(同义词短语) as well

1.a set of 一套;一副

2.lost and found   失物招领

3.thanks for  ……而感谢

4. last / family  name 姓氏

5. excuse  me 请原谅;打扰了

6.the photo of his family 他的全家福

7.in English 用英语

8. telephone / phone number 号码

9. watch TV 看电视

10.play sports                  

11. lots of / a lot of 许多;大量

1.— What’s your name—My name's Gina.

2. Nice to meet you.

3.This is my friend.

  These are my friends.

4.Thanks for the photo of your family.

5.— Where’s  my backpack—It's under the table.

6. Do you have a soccer ball

7.She likes bananas.  She doesn’t like ice cream.

1Look!注意!(Unit 1)

look v.意为留神;注意。如:

Look where you are going!当心走路!

与之意思相近的短语有look out,意为当心;小心。如:

Look outThere's danger ahead!小心!前面有危险!

look更为常见的意思为,强调看的动作。

【辨析】 lookseewatchread

动词

常见用法总结

look

强调的动作,可单独成句;后接宾语时加介词at;作系动词时表示看起来,后接形容词作表语。

see

强调的结果(看见);常用于表示看电影/看病等;也可表示理解;考虑,如I see.我明白了。

watch

强调“(聚精会神地)看;注视;常用于表示看电视/看比赛等;也可作名词手表

read

强调,常用于表示看书/看报纸、杂志等。

 

2Please take these things to your sister.

请把这些东西带给你姐姐。(Unit 4)

take sth. to... “把某物带到……take意为拿走;带到。如:

You'd better take your coat to your bedroom.

你最好把你的大衣拿到你的卧室去。

【拓展】 take连用的常用短语还有:

take out 取出;借  take care of 照顾

take place 发生  take some medicine 吃药

take photos 拍照  take it easy 别紧张

3I need my hat...我需要我的帽子……(Unit 4)

need在本句中是实义动词,意为需要,常见的固定搭配有:need sth. “需要某物need to do sth. “需要去做某事need doing “需要被做。如:

Her bike needs repairing.她的自行车需要修理。

【拓展】 need还可作情态动词,此时没有人称和数的变化,多用于否定句和疑问句中。否定句中用needn't;疑问句中直接将need提前即可。对其肯定回答用must;否定回答用needn't。如:

—Need I do the work at once?

——我需要马上做这项工作吗?

—Yesyou must.——是的,你必须(马上做)

—Noyou needn't.——不,不需要。

4Let's play soccer.让我们踢足球吧。(Unit 5)

 

这是一个表示邀请、提议的祈使句。let'slet us的缩写,表示让我们……”,后面跟动词原形。

【拓展】 let作动词,常用于let sb. do sth. 结构中,表示让某人做某事。这里sb.可以是名词,也可以是代词,此时代词作宾语,要用宾格。如:

My mother lets me go to the park once a week.

我妈妈允许我每星期去一次公园。

5That sounds good.听起来很好。(Unit 5)

本句中sound是系动词,后接形容词,构成系表结构,意为听起来。如:

Her songs sound beautiful.她的歌听起来很美妙。

【拓展】 很多感官动词都可以作系动词,如look(看上去)feel(觉得)smell(闻起来)taste(尝起来)。后跟形容词,构成系表结构。如:

The dish tastes delicious.这道菜尝起来味道好极了。

6Yang Fan likes soccer.I also like...

杨帆喜欢足球。我也喜欢……(Review of units 16)

also adv.意为也;亦;并且。如:

My sister has also gone to town.我妹妹也进城了。

【辨析】alsotooeitheras well

also一般用于肯定句或疑问句中实义动词前,系动词、助动词或情态动词后。

too一般用于肯定句句末,也可用于疑问句,一般用逗号与前面的句子隔开。

either用于否定句句末。

as welltoo在句中的位置相同,两者可以互换,但as well前不需加逗号。

He enjoyed the trip.I enjoyed it,too.(=I enjoyed it as well.)

他喜欢这次旅行,我也喜欢。

He didn't enjoy the trip.I didn't enjoy it,either.

他不喜欢这次旅行,我也不喜欢。

七年级上(16单元)

(训练时间:60分钟分值:100)

基础知识过关

一、根据句意及首字母提示完成单词(10)

1—How do you s____  your family name?      —B­L­A­C­K.

2Although my uncle is old, he looks very strong and h_______.

3I'd like to ask you a few q_________ if you don't mind.

4—Do you want to see the documentary?

—No, I think it is b_____.

5As soon as you get there, please c___ me.

6Please write down your t_______ number.

7L____ at the picture on the wall.

8Do you have a s_____ ballPeter?

9That s_____ good.

10We should eat all kinds of v_________ every day.

二、用所给单词的适当形式填空(10)

1Nice ________(meet)you.

2Let's ______(play)basketball.

3They ____(be) Mary and Tom.

4Is that ____(you)brother?

5We should keep ________(health)

三、按要求完成句子(10)

1We have many sports collections. (改为否定句)

We __________ many sports collections.

2Look at the photo, please. (let's改写句子)

________________________.

3His English book is __________. (就画线部分提问)

_________ his English book?

4His brother can play basketball. (改为一般疑问句)

__________________________________

5This is a tomato. (改为复数形式)

__________________

综合能力提高

一、单项选择(10

1________ is there a restaurant near here?

ASorry               BYes        CExcuse me       DThank you

【解析】考查礼貌用语。Sorry“对不起Yes“是的Excuse me“对不起,打扰了Thank you“谢谢。句意为打扰了,请问这附近有饭馆吗?故选C

2(2011·贵阳)“Cindydo you have ________ e­mail addressI want to send you some photos.”

“YesI do.It's cindy 26@sohu.com.”

Aa        Ban          Cthe

【解析】e­mail是以元音音素开头的单词,其前应用不定冠词an。故选B

3—Lucy, this is my new friend, Jack.

—Hi, Jack. Nice to meet you.

—________.

AI'm OK                           BMy name's Leo

CNice to meet you, too      DHow do you do

【解析】考查交际用语。Nice to meet you.“见到你真高兴。的答语应为“Nice to meet youtoo.”,故选C

4(2011·昆明)—Yesterday I lost my pencil sharpener.I could't find ________.

—Ohit's a pity.You'd better buy ________ this afternoon.

Aitit            Bitone     Coneit      Doneone

【解析】考查代词的用法。it指上文提到过的事物,one指上文提到过的同类事物。根据句意应选B

5The cookies ________ good. Could I have some more?

Ataste               Bsmell     Cfeel              Dsound

【解析】考查动词的辨析。taste“尝起来smell“闻起来feel“感觉起来sound“听起来CD两项明显不符合句意。根据后半句我可以再来点吗?可知已经吃过,排除B,选A

6My hobby is changing all the time. Now I am ________ in collecting coins. It's________ and valuable.

Ainteresting; interested      Binterested; interesting

Cinterested; interest        Dinteresting; interesting

【解析】考查interest的用法。be interested in是固定用法,意为……感兴趣;修饰物时用interesting。故选B

7(2011·聊城)—I'm going to Hainan with my aunt for my holiday after the exam.

—________.

AHave a good time         BIt doesn't matter

CYou are welcome         DThanks a lot

【解析】考查交际用语。B没关系C不客气D非常感谢你。根据句意考试过后,我和我的阿姨打算去海南度假得出答案A“祝你们玩得开心。【答案】A

8If you make a mistake, just say “________.”

ADon't worry            BSorry

CIt's a great pity        DI don't care

【解析】考查交际用语。根据句意如果你犯了错,要说对不起。”A别担心。C真可惜。D我不关心。均不符合题意,故选B

9(2011·湘西)You are ill.You had better ________ the doctor right now.

Alook at      Bsee         Cwatch

【解析】考查动词辨析。表示看医生用“see the doctor”look at是单纯的watch观看。故选B

10(2011·安顺)Can you imagine what life will be like in ________ time?

A50 years'  B50 year's    C50­-years'  D50­-years

【解析】本题考查名词所有格作定语的用法。当名词为复数作定语时,直接在后面加'即可。故选A

二、完形填空(20)

My name is Bill.I'm an American boy.I'm twelve.I'm a student __1__ a middle school.I'm in Class 4Grade 1.Li Lei is my friend.We're in the __2__ class.He is eleven.Here is a picture of __3__ family.__4__ look at it.His fatherthe one behind the treeis a policeman.His motherthe one in the red hatis a teacher of Chinese.He has __5__ sisters.They are twins.Their names __6__ Fangfang and Lingling.They have a cat.__7__ name is Mimi.LookIt's __8__ the floor under the table.__9__ twins are middle school studentstoo.They are in different __10__.

They look after me at school.We are good friends.

1A.of  Bto  Cunder  Dbehind

【解析】of表示名词所有格。【答案】A

2A./  Bsame  Csome  Done

【解析】in the same class表示在同一个班上。【答案】B

3A. her  Bhim  Chis  Dhe

【解析】Li Lei是男孩,其物主代词应是his。【答案】C

4A.It's  BLet us  CIt  DLet

【解析】Let us...表示让我们……”。【答案】B

5A.two  Bthree  Cfour  Dfive

【解析】由下文They are twins.可知。【答案】A

6A.is  Bbe  Cam  Dare

【解析】主语their names是复数。【答案】D

7A.It's  BIt  CIts  DIts'

【解析】a cat的物主代词为its。【答案】C

8A.in  Bon  Cbehind  Dto

【解析】on the floor表示在地上。【答案】B

9A./  BThe  CAnd  DA

【解析】此处表示特指。【答案】B

10A.grade  Brow  Cschools  Dclasses

【解析】in different classes“在不同的班里。【答案】D

三、阅读理解(10)

Do you often play footballMany people in the world like playing football.They often call British soccer football.But they are different games.Do you know the differences between them?

A soccer ball is round(圆的)but an American football is ovallike an egg.Soccer teams have eleven players on the field.American football teams have forty players.But only eleven players are on the field at one time.

In a soccer teamthe good keeper tries to stop the ball from going into the goal.He is the only player to stop and pick up the ball with his hands.In American footballplayers can catch the ball with their hands.They can run with it and throw it to other players.

   Both the British soccer and the American football are very interesting.They can make you fit and healthy.

(  )1.Are the British soccer and the American football the same games?

AYesthey are.  BNothey aren't.  CWe don't know.

【解析】由第一段中“But they are different games.”得知。【答案】B

(  )2.Which do Americans call football?

 

 

 

 

 

【解析】由第二段中“...but an American football is ovallike an egg.”(“……但美国足球是椭圆形的,就像鸡蛋一样。”)得知。【答案】B

(  )3. Do they have the same numbers of players on the field?

AYesthey do.  BNothey don't.  CNothey aren't.

【解析】由第二段中第二、三、四句得知。【答案】A

(  )4. In which team can the players catch the ball with their hands?

AAmerican football team.  BBritish soccer team.   CBoth A and B.

【解析】由第三段中“In American footballplayers can catch the ball with their hands.”得知。

【答案】A

(  )5. What's the best title(题目)of the passage?

AAmerican football      BBritish soccer

CThe differences between American football and British soccer

【解析】由第一段中“Do you know the differences between them可知,本文主要讲述了美国足球和英国足球之间的不同点。【答案】C

四、书面表达(20)

假如你叫李红,你的英国笔友Mary正在学习汉语。她在给你的来信中介绍了她的汉语老师的情况。请根据以下信息用英语写一封回信,向她介绍你的英语老师Miss White的情况。

外貌

高挑、苗条(slim)、漂亮

国籍

美国

最喜欢的颜色

蓝色

个人爱好

读书、旅游

品质

乐于助人

取得的成绩

去年教学竞赛(teaching competition)荣获一等奖

要求:

1.词数6080。开头和结尾已给出,不计入词数。

2.所给信息要全部用上,可合理发挥。

Dear Mary

Thank you for telling me something about your Chinese teacher. I think you have a good teacher. Now let me tell you something about my English teacher, Miss White                           

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Best wishes!

Yours Sincerely

Li Hong

Dear Mary

Thank you for telling me something about your Chinese teacher. I think you have a good teacher. Now let me tell you something about my English teacher, Miss White is from America. She is tall and slim. And she is very beautiful. She has taught us English for two years. She is always in blue, because blue is her favorite color. She likes reading and she also loves traveling when she is free. She is kind and helpful. As a teacher, she is successful. She teaches so well that she won the first place in the teaching competition last year. All of us like her very much.

Best wishes!

Yours Sincerely

Li Hong

 

 

 

 

 

第二讲  七年级() Units 712

类别

新课标要求

1.color→adj.五颜六色的 colorful→v.……染成(某种颜色) color

2.help→n.帮助 help→adj.有帮助的 helpful

3.birthday→n.出生;诞生 birth

4.sell→n.;廉价销售 sale→(反义词)v. buy

5.happy→adv.高兴地 happily→n.高兴 happiness→(反义词)adj.不高兴的 unhappy

6.music→n.音乐家 musician

7.really→adj.真实的 real

8.successful→n.成功 success→adv.成功地 successfully→v.成功 succeed

9.usually→adj.平常的;普通的 usual→adj.非同寻常的 unusual→adv.非同寻常地 unusually

10.description→v.描述;记述 describe

11.busy→n.商业;生意 business

1.at a very good price 以非常优惠的价格

2.have a look 看一看;看一眼

3.on sale 廉价销售;

4.English speech contest 英语演讲比赛

5.go to a movie 去看电影

6.Beijing Opera 京剧

7.on weekends 在周末

8.play the piano 弹钢琴

9.help...with... 帮助…………

10.a little 少许;少量

11.take a shower 淋浴;洗澡

12.e­mail address 电子邮件地址

13.know about 了解

14.get to 到达

15.be strict with (某人)要求严格

16.after class 课后

1.—How much are these socks

  —They're two dollars.

2.—When is your birthday

  —My birthday is October 10th.

3.Do you want to go to a movie

4.Can you play the guitar

5.What time do you usually get up

6.What's your favorite subject

1How_much are these pants?这  些裤子多少钱?(Unit 7)

how much意为多少,可以询问价格,也可以提问不可数名词。询问价格时根据后面的名词或数量决定谓语动词的单复数。如:

How much are the tomatoes?这些西红柿多少钱?

How much coffee is there in the cup?  杯子里有多少咖啡?

【拓展】 提问价格常用句式How much is/are...?可替换为How much does/do...cost?或What's the price of...?如:

这支钢笔多少钱?

How much is the pen?

How much does the pen cost?

What's the price of the pen?

2Anybody can afford our prices!

所有人都能承受得起我们的价格。(Unit 7)

afford v.意为买得起;负担得起,通常与cancouldbe able to连用,尤其用于否定句或疑问句中。如:

Can you afford a Mercedes­Benz?    你能买得起一辆奔驰车吗?

 

 

afford之后可以接不定式作宾语。如:

The piano is too dear.I can't afford to buy it.  这架钢琴太贵了,我买不起。

3She thinks they are very exciting.

她认为它们(中国动作片)令人兴奋。(Unit 9)

本句中think后是一宾语从句,表达自己对某事的观点。当后边从句需要变否定时,要否定前边的主句。如:

I don't think it is a good book.   我认为那不是一本好书。

【辨析】 excitingexcited

exciting

adj.

令人兴奋的

作表语(主语是物或事)或定语

excited

adj.

感到兴奋的

作表语(主语是人)

It’s an exciting result.   这是一个令人振奋的结果。(作定语)

The result is exciting.     这个结果令人振奋。(作表语)

I was excited about the result.   我对那个结果感到兴奋。(作表语)

【拓展】 类似的形容词还有:interesting(有趣的)interested(感兴趣的)surprising(令人惊奇的)surprised(感到惊奇的)disappointing(令人失望的)disappointed(感到失望的)等。

4Can you play_the_piano?

你会弹钢琴吗?(Unit 10)

play the piano意为弹钢琴play意为弹奏;演奏。当play和西洋乐器名词连用时,乐器名词前面要加定冠词the,但在中国乐器PipaErhu等前不加the

【拓展】 play还有玩;打()”之意。当play与球类,游戏类名词连用时,名词前不加任何冠词。如:

play soccer 踢足球

5Can you play the pianothe trumpetthe drumsor the guitar?

你会弹钢琴,吹喇叭,打鼓,或者弹吉他吗?(Unit 10)

or conj.意为或者;还是。如:

Which do you prefer, white, grey,or black?   你喜欢哪种颜色,白色、灰色,还是黑色?

【辨析】 andbutor

and

表并列,意为和;而且

I like A and B

but

表转折,意为但是

I like Abut I don't like B

or

表选择或表并列,意为或者;还是

Do you like A or B

I don't like A or B.

【拓展】or可表示假设,意为否则,可与if... not句式互换。

Get up earlyor you'll be late for class.

If you don't get up earlyyou'll be late for class.

早点起床,否则上课会迟到的。(如果你不早点起床,上课会迟到的。)

6—Can you draw——你会画画吗?

—Yesa_little.——是的,会一点。(Unit 10)

本句中a little是固定短语,意为少许;少量;一点儿,修饰动词draw,表肯定。

【辨析】 a littlelittlea fewfew

a little

少许;一点儿

表肯定

修饰不可数名词

little

几乎没有

表否定

修饰不可数名词

a few

一些

表肯定

修饰可数名词的复数

few

几乎没有

表否定

修饰可数名词的复数

There's a little water in the bottle.瓶子里有点儿水。

There's little time left.几乎没有剩余的时间了。

I have a few friends.我有几个朋友。

He's new here. He has few friends.

他是新来的,几乎没有朋友。

7Please write and tell me about your morning.

请写信告诉我关于你在早晨做的事情。(Unit 11)

tell v.意为告诉;讲述。如:

She wrote to tell me she couldn't come.

她写信告诉我她不能来了。

【辨析】 speaksaytelltalk

speak vi.讲话,发言,指说话的能力。

speak to sb.与某人讲话

vt.……(语言)

speak Japanese讲日语

say vt.(强调说话的内容)(某处)写有

tell vt.告诉、讲述,强调讲给别人听。

tell sb. sth.告诉某人某事;tell a story讲故事;

tell a lie撒谎;tell the truth说实话

tell sb. about sth.告诉某人有关某事

tell sb.(not) to do sth.告诉某人()去做某事

talk vi.谈话,谈论,交谈,强调与人交谈。

talk to/with sb.……交谈

talk about sth.谈论某事

 

七年级上(712单元)

(训练时间:60分钟分值:100)

 基础知识过关

一、根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词(10)

1—What's the p_____ of that coat?

—28 pounds.

2—What do you usually do on w_____  _?

—Do the shopping.

3Our boss is very s___  _,so we have to arrive on time.

4Come and see for y___ ____in Lu Xing Clothes Store.

5Our teacher u_____ tells us a story on Friday morning.

6Work hardand you will be ___________(成功的)

7What's your _________(特别喜爱的)subject?

8Please accept my best _______ (祝愿)

9Photography is one of his _________(爱好)

10China has a long _________(历史)

二、根据汉语提示完成句子(10)

1.我们有价格便宜的袜子,仅售5美元。

We have socks ____ a very good _______—only 5 dollars.

2.红色的毛衣廉价销售仅售40美元。

The red sweaters are _________ for only 40 dollars.

3——你每天什么时候到学校?    ——大约八点。

—What time do you usually _________ school?

—At about eight o'clock.

4.我不知道他多少岁,但是他看上去有四十多岁了。

I don't know _________ he is, but he looks well over forty.

5.如果我明天有空,就和你下棋。

If I _________ _____ tomorrow, I _________ ______ with you.

综合能力提高

一、单项选择(10)

1—What's your favorite subject, Mike?   —________. It's interesting.

AToys      BMath      CT-­shirts     DE­mail

【解析】考查名词辨析。toys“玩具Math“数学T­-shirts“T恤衫e­mail“电子邮件。根据句意“Mike,你最喜欢的课程是什么?可知选B

2—The house price has been rising in the past two years.

—Yes, I cannot ________ to buy a small apartment even with my parents' help.

Awant     Bafford          Csolve      Ddeal

【解析】考查动词辨析。want“想要afford“支付得起solve“解决deal“处理。根据首句在过去的两年里,房价越来越高。可知选B

3________ terrible weather we've been having these days!

AWhat       BWhat a       CHow      DHow a

【解析】考查感叹句。感叹句有两种结构:What(a/an)adj.n.+主谓!和Howadj./adv.+主谓!句意为我们这些天经历的天气多么糟糕啊!故选A

4—William, please remember to ________ the photo taken in Canada here when you come to school tomorrow. I'd like to have a look.

—OK. I’ll introduce something about it to you myself.

Atake      Bpass        Cbring      Dcarry

【解析】考查动词辨析。take“pass“通过bring“带来carry“搬走。根据句意“William,明天请记得把在加拿大拍摄的照片带到学校来,我想看看。可知选C

5(2011·湘西)—What's your favorite subject?

—________ favorite subject is PE.

AHis        BHer         CMy

【解析】考查代词用法。上句问你最喜欢的科目是什么?,下句回答用物主代词my,故选C

6(2011·湘西)—Can I borrow your dictionary?   —Yesyou ________.

Acan        Bmust        Cshould

【解析】考查情态动词。上句用can提问,再用can进行回答,所以选A

7(2011·东营)Zhu Zhiwen's never been to Hong Kong________

Ais he      Bisn't he    Chas he       Dhasn't he

【解析】考查反意疑问句的用法。反意疑问句前面用肯定句,后面用否定句;前面用否定句,后面用肯定句。前半句句意为朱之文从没去过香港,句子中有neverhas been to。故选C

8(2011·湘潭)More and more young people in China celebrate Christmas Day _ December 25th.

Aat          Bon        Cin

【解析】本题考查介词的用法。根据题意,越来越多的中国年轻人在1225日庆祝圣诞节。at后接时刻,on后接具体某一日,in后接时间段。1225日是具体某一日,故选B

9—You look ________.  What happened?

—I've been playing basketball for 2 hours.

Aexciting      Btiring       Cexcited      Dtired

【解析】考查形容词的用法。根据答语我打了两个小时的篮球。可知,应该选劳累的,修饰人用tired。【答案】D

10(2011·枣庄)He didn't go there yesterday________ he?

Adid          Bdoes         Cdidn't       Ddoesn't

【解析】考查反意疑问句。反意疑问句为前肯后否或前否后肯,原句为否定形式,故排除CDB选项does与前半句时态不一致,故选A

二、完形填空(20)

An American goes to the Great Wall(长城)with her little son on May 1st(五一)There are too many people there.So her son is lost.She can't find him.She goes to the policeman for help.

“Don't worryI can help you.But tell me what he looks like.”The policeman says to her.The woman tells him he has a round facetwo big eyes and a small nose.He is only five.

He is in a red sweater and blue trousers.He has brown hair.The policeman says there is a little boy in the police station()He is short.The woman goes to the station.The boy comes out and says “Mum”The woman thanks the policeman very much.

根据短文,补全下文空白(每空一词,缩写式算一词)

An American __1__ can't find her son __2__ the Great Wall.So she goes to the policeman to __3__ for help.The policeman says to her “Don't worry.I can help you __4__ him.But tell me __5__ about your son.”

The woman tells him the __6__ boy has a round face and brown hair.And then she tells __7__ he's five.The policeman says __8__ a little boy in blue trousers __9__ the police station.The woman __10__ her son there.She thanks the policeman very much.

【答案】

1woman 【解析】根据下文我们知道an American是一个woman

2on 【解析】在长城上用on

3ask 【解析】ask for help为固定搭配。意为求援;请求帮助

4find 【解析】帮助她找儿子,指结果,能找到。

5something 【解析】指告诉我有关你儿子的一些情况。something是不定代词,代替衣着、长相等。

6little 【解析】小孩的不可以用small表达,small常指身材特别小,修饰儿童时常用little

7him(the policeman) 【解析】tell这个词必须接人称代词(宾格)/名词作宾语(间接宾语)

8there's 【解析】此处必须填there's的缩写式构成there be句型。

9at/in 【解析】在,指地点,用at也可用in

10sees/meets 【解析】用sees比较恰当,指在

看见了儿子,meets(见到)也行,用finds(找到)有些牵强。

三、阅读理解(10)

    A man is going to open a shop selling hats. He wanted a good sign to put over his shop. He wrote

                        John Brown Harter

                        Makes and sells hats

                        For ready money

The first friend gave him the advice that the word “hatter” wasn't needed. So John crossed out the word “hatter”. Then he came to another friend for advice. This friend said that it was not polite to say “for ready money”. So he crossed out “for ready money”. The sign now said

John Brown Harter

                         Makes and sells hats

One day a friend was passing his shop. He saw this sign and said that when a man bought a hat, he didn't care who made it. So John crossed out the two words, too.

 But when another friend saw “John Brown Sells Hats” he said, “Of course you sell hats. No one thinks you give them away for free.” So, at last the sign read

John Brown

1“For ready money” means ________.

Apay for the hat here when you buy it

Bif you buy the hat you can pay for it in a few days

Chats here are only for the people with much money

【解析】“for ready money”意为即刻付款,为固定用法。【答案】A

2How many friends gave John some advice on how to write the sign?

ATwo.  BThree.  CFour.

【解析】通读全文可知总共四位朋友给他提了建议。故选C

3________ was crossed out first.

A“John Brown Sells Hats”  B“Hatter”    C“for Ready Money”

【解析】由第二段第二句可知,“Hatter”首先被去掉了。【答案】B

4Each friend has ________ thought.

Ano    Bthe same    Chis own

【解析】由短文可知,每个朋友都有自己的想法,故选C

5This story tells us that ________.

Ait isn't possible to please everybody    Bit's easy to sell hats

Csellers must please everybody

【解析】通读全文可知这个故事告诉我们,取悦每一个人是不可能的。 【答案】A

四、选词填空(10)

阅读下面的短文,用方框中所给单词的正确形式填空,每个单词限用一次。

  important      disabled       cheer          like         specially 

send           deaf           pleasure       show         because

Dear Miss Hu

I'd like to thank you for __1__ money to “Animal Helpers” an organization set up to help __2__ people. For sure you have helped make it possible for me to have “Lucky” who has filled my life with __3__.

“Lucky” is a __4__ trained dog for the disabled. It is a good name for him __5__ I feel very lucky to have him. Being blind, __6__ unable to use my hands easily are the challenges I face. “Lucky” helps me open and shut the doors, carry things and even answer the telephone. He __7__ me up a lot.

I’ll send you a photo of him if you like, and I could __8__ you how he helps me. And I thank you again for supporting “Animal Helpers”. It is __9__ that this organization does not run out of money. Your donation is greatly appreciated and the money is well used to help disabled people __10__ me.

Best wishes!

                                                 Liz Smith

1sending 【解析】for后接动词时要用动名词形式,此处意为谢谢你给动物帮手组织捐款……”

2disabled 【解析】由下文可知,这个组织帮助残疾人,disabled people“残疾人

3pleasure 【解析】“filled my life with pleasure”意为使我的生活充满快乐

4specially 【解析】此处意为特别训练的,修饰动词要用副词specially

5because 【解析】后半部分是解释前半部分的原因,故用because“因为

6deaf 【解析】此处与前面的“blind”并列,意为又瞎又聋

7cheers 【解析】cheer sb. up“(使)高兴;(使)振作,注意用第三人称单数形式。

8show 【解析】show“展示,此处意为“……我能向你示范它是如何帮助我的

9important 【解析】本句意为重要的是使这个组织不缺乏资金important“重要的

10like 【解析】“like me”意为像我一样的

五、书面表达(20)

根据下面的图画,以Li Mei's Day为题,写一篇60—80词的短文。

 

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Li Mei usually gets up at six o’clock. She eats breakfast at half past six. After breakfast, she goes to school on foot. And she gets to school at about seven. In the afternoon she usually plays football with her classmates at 4:15. she does her homework at 8:00 and go to bed at ten o’clock.

第三讲   七年级() Units 16

类别

新课标要求

1.dislike→(反义词)v.喜欢 like

2.across→v.穿过 cross→n.交叉点;十字路口 crossing

3.center→adj.中心的 central

4.turn→n.轮流 turn→n.转弯处 turning

5.open→v.开;开业 open→(反义词)adj.关着的 closed

6.quiet→(反义词)adj.吵闹的 noisy

7.beginning→v.开始 begin→(同义词) v.开始;出发 start

8.hungry→(反义词)adj.饱的;过量的 full→n.饥饿 hunger

9.cute→(同义词)adj.聪明的;漂亮的 smart→(同义词)adj.聪明的;机灵的 clever

10.ugly→(反义词)adj.漂亮的 pretty/beautiful

11.sleep→adj.睡着的 asleep→adj.想睡的 sleepy

12.relax→adj.放松的 relaxed→adj.令人放松的 relaxing

类别

新课标要求

13.dangerous →n.危险 danger →(反义词)adj.安全的 safe

14.sunny→n.太阳 sun

15.west→adj.西方的 western

16.terrible→adv.可怕地 terribly

17.hot→(反义词)adj.寒冷的 cold→n. heat

18.lie→(现在分词) lying

19.humid→(近义词)adj.湿的 wet→(反义词)adj.干的;干旱的 dry

20.surprised→v.使……惊奇 surprise→n.惊奇 surprise→adj.令人惊奇的 surprising

1.be fromcome from 来自……

2.across from ……对面

3.next to 紧挨着

4.between... and...…………之间

5.in  front of ……前面

6.turn left 向左拐

7.on the right 在右边

8.have fun 玩得高兴

9.the way to ……的路

10.have a good trip 旅途愉快

11.kind of 有几分

12.at night 在夜里

13.take a walk 散步

14.work hard 努力工作

15.work as ……(工作)

16.wait for等候;等待

17.on vacation在度假

18.take a photo 拍照

19.have a good time 玩得高兴

20.look for寻找

21.talk about谈论

22.in order to为了

1.—Where is your pen pal from

  —She's from Japan.

2.—Where does he live

  —He lives in Tokyo.

3.—Where’s the park

  —It's on Center Street.

4.—Why do you like pandas

  —Because they're very cute.

5.—What does she do

  —She’s a doctor.

6.What does she want to be

7.—What are you doing

  —I'm watching TV.

8.—How’s the weather in Beijing

  —It's sunny.

9.How's it going

1The pay phone is between the post office and the library.

投币在邮局和图书馆之间。(Unit 2)

between... and...是介词短语,意为…………之间,后接名词或代词宾格。between意为……之间,表示双方(两者)之间的关系。among也有……之间之意,但它必须是在三者或三者以上的事物之间。如:

(a) The village lies between two mountains. 这个村庄位于两座山之间。

(b)The village lies among mountains.  这个村庄位于群山之中。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2—Excuse me. Is there a hotel in the neighborhood?——请问,附近有旅馆吗?

—Yesthere is. Just_go_straight_and_turn_left.是的,向前直走,然后左转弯。(Unit 2)

(1)问路常用句型。

                    

 

 

  Excuse me.

 

 

 

(2)指路常用句型。

It's+介词短语(地点)它在……

It's about... meters from here.离这儿大约……米。

It's about... meters along on the left/right.  向前走大约……米,在左/右侧。

Walk on and turn left/right.  向前走,然后左/右拐。

Turn left/right at the first crossing.Take the first crossing on the left/right.

第一个路口左/右拐。

(3)指路者有时会在指路完毕后追加一句“You can't miss it.(你一定会找到的。)”给对方鼓劲;若问路时对方不知道,问路者常用“Thank you all the same.(仍然要谢谢你。)”表示谢意。

3Turn_left on First Avenue and enjoy the city’s quiet streets and small parks.

从第一大街向左拐,享受一下本市幽静的街道和小公园的美丽。(Unit 2)

(1)turn left是固定短语,意为向左拐,类似的短语还有turn right(向右拐)。如:

Turn left and you can see the post office in front of you.

向左拐,你就会看见邮局在你的前面。

(2)enjoy v.意为喜欢;欣赏;享受……的乐趣,后面既可以跟名词,也可以跟动词的­ing形式。如:

She enjoys the sunshine on the beach.  她喜欢在海滩上晒太阳。

Zhao Hua enjoys listening to pop music.  赵华喜欢听流行音乐。

此外,enjoy oneself是固定短语,意为玩得高兴,相当于have a good timehave fun。如:

We enjoyed ourselves in the park last Sunday.  我们上星期天在公园里玩得很高兴。

4Take a walk through the park on Center Avenue. 步行穿过中心大街的公园。(Unit 2)

through prep.意为穿过;通过,常与passgowalkrun等动词连用。如:

The river runs through the forest.那条河穿过森林。

【辨析】 acrossthroughover

across

横越穿过,指从表面走过或从一边到另一边。

 

 

 

 

 

Through

穿越,指从空间内穿过。

 

 

 

 

 

over

翻越,指越过一段距离或度过一段时间。

 

 

 

 

 

5.Because they're kind_of interesting.  因为它们有几分趣味。(Unit 3)

kind ofa little意思相近,意为有点儿;稍微,多用于口语,用来修饰形容词。如:

She is kind of shy.  她有点害羞。

【拓展】 kind可作形容词,意为和蔼的;善良的。如:

Mrs.Brown is an old kind lady.   布朗夫人是位善良的老太太。

kind可作名词,意为种类;类型,常用的短语有:

a kind of一种;一类。如:

a kind of moon cake 一种月饼

different kinds of不同种类的。如:

There are many different kinds of animals on this island.这个岛上有许多不同种类的动物。

all kinds of各种各样的。如:

There are all kinds of vegetables in the store. 这家商店有各种各样的蔬菜。

6I wear a white uniform and I help doctors. 我穿着白色制服,协助医生工作。(Unit 4)

wear意为穿着;戴着,强调穿的状态。如:

Jenny is wearing a red skirt.  珍妮穿着一件红裙子。

【辨析】 wearput ondressin

单词

词性

及用法

含义

宾语

其他

wear

vt.

表状态

穿着,

戴;

()

留发

衣服、鞋帽、

眼镜、头发、

胡须等

put on的反义短语是take off

be dressed inbe in穿着;get dressed穿戴好;dress up (as) 装扮()

be inbe wearing

put on

vt.

表动作

穿上

衣服

dress

vt.

表动作

给某人

穿衣服

sb.oneself

in

prep.

表状态

穿着

衣服、颜色

7.Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.

有时我白天工作,有时晚上工作。(Unit 4)

【辨析】 sometimessome timessometimesome time

sometimes adv.意为有时,经常和一般现在时连用。如:

Sometimes she goes for a walk after supper.  有时她晚饭后出去散步。

some times是名词短语,意为几次;数次,可以和现在完成时连用。如:

I have been to Qingdao some times.  我去过青岛好几次了。

sometime adv.意为某时;某个时候,既可以表过去,也可以表将来。如:

—When will you start?——你何时动身?

—Sometime next month.——下个月的某个时候。

some time是名词短语,意为一段时间。如:

I’ll be away for some time. 我要离开一段时间。

8—How's_the_weather in Beijing?  北京的天气怎么样?

—It's sunny. 晴天。(Unit 6)

询问天气的常用句型有:What's the weather like+地点状语?或How's the weather+地点状语?如:

How's the weather in London?

What's the weather like in London?  伦敦的天气怎么样?

回答时常用形容词:sunnyrainywindycloudysnowyfoggy等。

9Some are taking photos.Others are lying on the beach.一些人在拍照,其他人躺在海滩上。(Unit 6)

 

 

 

 

 

take photos意为拍照lyinglie()的现在分词。

【辨析】 otherthe otherothersthe othersanother

other可作形容词或代词,作形容词时意为别的;其他的,泛指其他的(人或物)”。如:

Do you have any other questions?你还有其他问题吗?

the other 意为另一个,常用于两个人或物中的另一个。

句式为one... the other...,意为一个……另一个……”。如:

He has two daughters. One is a nursethe other is a worker.

他有两个女儿,一个是护士,另一个是工人。

othersother的复数形式,泛指另外几个;其余的,在句中可作主语、宾语。常用于句式some... others...,意为一些……另一些……”。如:

Some of us like singing and dancingothers like playing sports.

我们中一些人喜欢唱歌和跳舞,其他的人喜欢从事体育活动。

the others意为其他东西;其余的人,特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物)”,是the other的复数形式。如:

Two boys will go to the zooand the others will stay at home.

两个男孩将去动物园,其余的留在家里。

注:the othersthe other+复数名词

another既可作形容词,也可作代词,只能用于出现三个或者更多的人或物时,泛指同类事物中三者或三者以上的另一个,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。如:

I don't like this one. Please show me another. 我不喜欢这一个,请让我看看另一个。

10—How's it going——情况如何?

—Great——好极了!(Unit 6)

亲朋好友长期不见面,有时在里会询问对方近来一段时间的情况。询问时可使用“How's it going(情况怎么样)回答时按情况的好坏依次是Pretty good.(相当好。)Great.(好极了。),  Not bad.(不错。)Terrible.(糟透了。)

11But everyone is having_a_good_time.  但是大家玩得很开心。(Unit 6)

(1)everyone为代词,意为人人;每个人,同义词为everybody,只能指人,后面不能接of,谓语动词用单数。如:

Is everyone here?大家都来了吗?

【拓展】 every one相当于each,表示每一个,可指人也可指物,后可接of短语,谓语动词用单数。

everyone的反义词是nobody,表示全部否定;not everyone/everybody表示部分否定。如:

Every one of them has a new bike.  他们每个人都有一辆新自行车。

Not everyone likes ice cream in summer.  夏天并非所有人都喜欢吃冰淇淋。(部分否定)

Nobody likes ice cream in summer.  夏天没有人喜欢吃冰淇淋。(全部否定)

(2)have a good time“玩得开心;过得愉快,相当于have funenjoy oneself。如:

Children have fun at school.

Children have a good time at school.

Children enjoy themselves at school.  孩子们在学校里玩得很开心。

七年级下(16单元)

(训练时间:60分钟分值:100)

基础知识过关

一、根据所给的汉语提示和句意写出单词(14)

1There are two ___________(饭馆) near here, which one do you want to go to?

2How many ___________() are there in the world?

3There is a tall tree ________(……后面) our school. It is about 50 years old.

4—Where does your foreign teacher come from?

—Oh, she comes from ___________(澳大利亚)

5I am ________(饥饿). Can you give me something to eat?

6It is __________(危险的). Don't skate on the thin ice.

7They discussed the _________ (天气) and other topics.

二、根据汉语提示完成句子(16)

1.我奶奶喜欢饭后散步。 My grandmother likes __________ ____ after dinner.

2.投币亭在图书馆对面。 The pay phone is __________ the library.

3.小明的家紧挨着颐和园。 Xiao Ming's home is _________ the Summer Palace.

4.向左转,你就会看见那家邮局。 __________,you will see the post office.

5.住在旅馆的大多数人不是生意人就是度假旅游者。

Most people who stay in hotel are either business people or tourists __________ ___.

6.经理一会儿就有空了,你可以在这儿等候她。

The manager will be free soon. You can _________ her here.

7.他看上去有点儿生气了。  He looked _________ angry.

8.我喜欢和我的朋友们一起去看电影,并且喜欢做运动。

____________________________________________________________

三、句型转换(10)

1His friend lives in Beijing.(就画线部分提问)

__________ his friend _____?

2She does her homework every evening.(改为否定句)

She __________ her homework every evening.

3How's the weather today(改为同义句)  ______ the weather _____ today?

4Where is Mr.Smith from(改为同义句)   Where _____ Mr.Smith ______ from?

5He is reading_a_book.(就画线部分提问)  ______ __ he doing?

综合能力提高

一、单项选择(10)

1—Excuse me? ________

—It is over there, near the bus stop.

AHow do you like the cinema?      BMay I ask you the way?

CWhere is the Bank of China?      DHow far is the market from here?

【解析】考查交际用语。由答语它在那边,靠近汽车站。可知选C,句意为中国银行在哪里?

2(2011·临沂)—Excuse me. Could you please tell me where I can get the dictionary?

—________.There's a bookstore on Yimeng Road.

ASorry      BSure     CGood idea  DThank you

【解析】考查口语交际。通过答语的下半句可知答语为肯定回答,用sure来回答Could you please...引导的表示委婉语气的一般疑问句。【答案】B

3(2011·湘西)—________?   —He is tall.

AHow is he    BWhat does he look like     CWhat does he like

【解析】考查特殊句式。How is he他健康吗?”What does he like他喜欢什么?What does he look like?才是问:他长什么样子?。【答案】B

4—Jack? Jack? Can you come?    —I ________ my homework.

Ado           Bwill do      Cam doing     Dwas doing

【解析】考查现在进行时。答语表示正在进行的动作,用现在进行时。句意为“JackJack?你能过来吗”“我正在做作业。故选C。【答案】C

5(2011·安顺)—________kind girl Nancy is!

—Yesshe is always ready to help others.

AWhat         BWhat a      CHow          DHow a

【解析】考查感叹句的用法。Whata/an+形容词+名词+主语+谓语!而how引导的感叹句结构是:How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!根据句意应该选择B

6—Do we have to finish our homework this afternoon?   —Yes, you ________.

Amust         Bcan       Cmay          Dneed

【解析】考查情态动词的用法。我们今天下午必须完成家庭作业吗?答语是的。根据句意选A,表示必须。【答案】A

7She is new here, so we know ________ about her.

Anothing             Bsomething         Canything            Deverything

【解析】考查不定代词。由句意她是新来的,所以我们对她一无所知。可知选A

8—Excuse me, which is the way to the post office?

—Sorry, I don't know. You can ask the policeman over there.

—________

AHow lucky!        BIt's a pity.           CThank you all the same.

【解析】考查交际用语。根据句意打扰了。邮局怎么走?”“对不起,我不知道。你可以问那边的。可知选C,表示仍然感谢。【答案】C

9(2011·安顺)—I can't stop smokingdoctor.

—For your healthI'm afraid you ________.

Amay      Bcan        Chave to  Dneed

【解析】考查交际用语。根据句意医生,我不能戒烟。”“为了你的健康,恐怕你不得不。”may意为可以can意为能够need意为需要均不符合句意。【答案】C

10(2011·佛山)Parents care about ________ children's education more than anything else.

Atheir          Bthem       Ctheirs

【解析】考查代词的用法。名词前面用形容词性物主代词。故选A

三、阅读理解(10)

Prana was a beautiful dog, whose name means “breath of life”. Although he died several years ago, I can still remember the days we spent together and what he has taught me about love.

I have two apple trees in the garden. Prana loved apples. When he went outside, he'd catch an apple and take it into the house to eat later. The apples had been on the ground and were often dirtyso I wasn't always happy that Prana had brought them into the house.

It was an autumn day in America, but it was very cold. A big snow fell and we had not done anything for its coming. On that special day, Prana went outside and I watched him through the window. I noticed that he was madly digging() holes and bringing the apples to the ground so they could be seen above the snow. I did not know why he was doing this. He seemed to want to do something special.

When I called him back, he had his usual one apple in his mouth. About five minutes later, I looked outside. The garden was completely covered with birds. Prana had dug up all those apples for his bird friends to eat. He knew that they wouldn't have stored enough food for the coming winter!

1Prana was ________.

Athe writer  Ba boy  Ca bird  Da dog

【解析】由第一段第一句“Prana was a beautiful dog...”得知。【答案】D

2I wasn't always happy because ________.

APrana loved apples 

BPrana caught an apple and ate it

Cthe apples fell on the ground and were dirty

DPrana brought the dirty apples into the house

【解析】由第二段最后一句得知。【答案】D

3On the snowy day, Prana ________.

Aate up all the apples

Bdug holes to put the apples in them

Cbrought the apples under the snow to the ground

Dleft the house and died

【解析】由第三段中倒数第三句我注意到它在疯狂地挖洞,并把苹果挖出来放在地上……”可知。

【答案】C

4The birds flew to the garden to ________.

Alook for Prana  Beat the apples

Cmake new homes  Dstore food for the winter

【解析】由最后一段倒数第二、三两句可知。【答案】B

5The topic of the story is about ________.

Aapples  Banimals  Clove  Dlife

【解析】由最后一段得知,本文的主题是爱的奉献。【答案】C

五、书面表达(20)

你对未来有什么打算,请以“I want to be a/an...”为题,描述一下你未来所希望从事的职业,并说明原因。50词左右。

I Want to Be a Doctor

_____________________________________________________________________________________

I want to be a doctor because I want to help people. I work in a big hospital . I wear my white clothes every day . Sometimes I work latebecause there are a lot of patients in the hospital . I work very hard.

 

第四讲  七年级() Units 712

类别

新课标要求

1.always→(反义词) never

2curly→(反义词)adj.直的 straight

3height→adj.高的 high

4thin→(反义词)adj.胖的 fat→(反义词) adj.厚的 heavy/thick

5remember→(反义词)v.忘记 forget

6special→adj.特别的special→adv.尤其;特别 specially

7visit→n.参观;访问 visit→n.参观者 visitor

8suggestion→v.建议 suggest

9rain→adj.下雨的 rainy→v.下雨 rain

10expensive→(同义词) adj.昂贵的 dear→(反义词) adj.便宜的 cheap

11crowded→n.人群 crowd→v.挤满;聚集 crowd

12decide→n.决定 decision

13discuss→n.讨论 discussion

14agree→(反义词) v.不同意 disagree→n.同意 agreement

15outside→(反义词) adv.在里面 inside

16loudly→adj.大声的 loud

1.look like 看起来像

2medium build中等身材

3a little bit一点儿;少许

4not... any more不再

5tell jokes讲笑话

6stop doing sth.停止做某事

7have a new look有一副新形象

8stay at home待在家里

9do some reading阅读

10go shopping购物

11talk show访谈节目

12go for a walk去散步

13summer camp夏令营

14think of思考;考虑

15in fact实际上

16the Great Wall长城

17agree with赞同

18have to不得不;必须

19no talking不许讲话

1.—What does he look like?

—He is of medium build.

2What kind of noodles would you like?

3What did you do last weekend?

4How was your weekend?

5—Where did you go on vacation?

—I went to summer camp.

6What do you think of soap operas?

7What else do you have to do

1What_does_he_look_like?   他长得什么样?(Unit 7)

What does sb. look like?用来询问某人的外部特征,其中like是介词,意为如同;像……一样,后常接名词或代词。如:

Tom looks like his father.汤姆长得像他爸爸。

【拓展】 look构成的常用短语有:

look like看上去像……look forward to (doing) sth.期待/期盼()某事;look up查寻;抬头看;look after照顾,相当于take care oflook over过目;检查;look out 小心,相当于be carefullook around环顾四周;have a look看一看

2She never stops_talking!   她从来都是喋喋不休!(Unit 7)

stop doing sth.意为停止做某事,指停止正在做的事。如:

Stop talking.Let's have a class.   别说了,我们上课吧。

【拓展】 与实义动词stop连用的固定短语有:

stop to do sth.停下来去做某事(指停止手中的活去做另一件事)

stop sb./sth. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事/阻止某事发生,其同义短语是:keep sb./sth. from doing sth.prevent sb./sth. from doing sth.

3What kind of noodles would you like?  你想要哪种面条?(Unit 8)

would常缩写为'dlike可替换为love,常见四种用法:

would like to do sth.

would like sb. to do sth.

Would you like sth.?你想要……吗?(客气请求)句中用some而不用any

肯定答语:Yesplease.      否定答语:Nothanks.

Would you like to do sth.?

你愿意做某事吗?(表示邀请或建议)

肯定答语:YesI'd love/like to.    否定答语:I'd love tobut...(说明具体原因)

【辨析】 would likewantfeel like(想要)

would like want 后接名词、不定式或复合宾语,而feel like后接名词或v.­ing形式。

would likewant语气更委婉。

We'd really like a holiday in Italybut it's so expensive.

我们真想去意大利度假,但是太贵了。

I don't want to go out tonight.  今晚我不想出去。

I feel like (having) a drink.    我想喝一杯()

4.How did kids spend the weekend?   孩子们是怎样过的周末?(Unit9

【辨析】spend, pay, costtake

主语

常用结构

spend

(spentspent)

sb.

spend... on... ……上花费时间/金钱

spend... (in) doing sth.某人花钱/时间做某事

pay

(paidpaid)

sb.

pay for付款;赔偿

pay sb. (money) for...……付给某人钱

cost

(costcost)

sth.

sth. cost sb.money

某物花了某人……

take

(tooktaken)

it

It takes/took sb. time/money to do sth.某人花时间/金钱干某事

如:我花了10元钱买了这本字典。

I spent 10 yuan on the dictionary.

I spent 10 yuan (in) buying the dictionary.

I paid 10 yuan for the dictionary.

The dictionary cost me 10 yuan.

It took me 10 yuan to buy the dictionary.

5... five kids went_shoppingand three went to the library.

……五个孩子去购物,三个孩子去了图书馆。(Unit 9)

go shopping是固定短语,意为购物。如:

Would you like to go shopping with me tomorrow?     你明天陪我去购物好吗?

【拓展】 “gov.­ing”表示从事某种(户外)活动。类似短语有:

  

6I found a small boy crying in the corner. 我发现有个小男孩在角落里哭泣。(Unit 10)

find后跟名词、形容词、介词短语、动词的­ing形式等作宾语补足语,即:

find sb./sth.n./adj./介词短语/v.­ing。如:

When she woke upshe found herself lying on the floor.

当她醒来时,她发现自己躺在地板上。

【拓展】 hearseewatchfeelnotice等感官动词,其后可接动词原形或动词的­ing形式作宾语补足语,即:hear/ see/ watch/ feel/notice sb. doing sth.

doing时表示看到动作正在进行,或者动作的片断性;接do时表示动作经常发生或动作的全过程。如:

I often hear her sing after work.  下班后我经常听到她唱歌。

7That made me feel very happy.  那使我感到很快乐。(Unit 10)

make (mademade)在本句中意为使;让,是使役动词,后常接复合结构,即“make+宾语+宾语补足语,宾语补足语可由名词、动词原形、形容词等充当。如:

Tom made his little sister cry.    汤姆把他小妹妹惹哭了。

The news made him sad.     那个消息让他很伤心。

在主动语态中,作宾语补足语的动词用原形,但在被动语态中,则要用不定式,即sb. be made to do sth.。如:

The workers are made to work twelve hours a day. 工人们每天被迫工作12个小时。

8... so we decided_to_play tennis. ……所以我们决定去打网球。(Unit 10)

decide to do sth.决定做某事

decide的名词是decision

make a decision to do sth.decide to do sth.

make up one's mind to do sth.如:

They decided not to go back home during the summer holiday.

They made a decision/made up their minds not to go back home during the summer holiday.

他们决定暑假不回家了。

decide on sth.决定/选定某事物

She has decided on Hainan Island for vacation.   她已决定去海南岛度假。

9What_do_you_think_of soap operas?  你觉得肥皂剧怎么样?(Unit 11)

What do you think of...?用来询问某人对某事物的观点、看法、态度等,意为你认为……怎么样?,也可以用“How do you like...来表示。如:

—How do you like this story?

What do you think of this story?   你认为这个故事怎么样?

—It's very interesting.   非常有趣。

10Find students who agree_with you.   找出同意你的观点的学生。(Unit 11)

agree with sb./sb.'s words同意某人(的观点)

agree to sth.(planideasuggestion...)赞同……

agree on sth.商定……;约定……

agree to do sth.同意做某事

agreethat从句 同意……

【拓展】 disagreeagree的反义词,意为不同意,其用法及搭配与agree相同。

11Do you have_to wear a uniform at school?   在学校里你们必须穿校服吗?(Unit 12)

have to意为不得不;必须。如:

I have to go to school now.  我现在必须上学去了。

【辨析】 have tomust

异同点

have to

must

都可理解为必须,后接动词原形

表示受客观条件限制而不得不做某事。

否定或疑问借助于助动词do/does/did

have to有人称、数和时态的变化(has to/had to)

not have toneedn't

表示有责任或义务必须做某事。

一般疑问句将must提至主语前,否定回答应用needn'tdon't/doesn't have to

mustn’t表示禁止;不可以

must可表示确切判断一定,反义词为can’t“不可能

如:Your brother has to finish the work by himselfbut he doesn't have to (needn't) be in a hurry.   你弟弟必须独立完成这份工作,但不必着急。

Students must listen to teachers in class.   学生上课时必须听老师讲课。

七年级下(712单元)

(训练时间:60分钟分值:100)

基础知识过关

一、根据句意及首字母提示写出单词(8)

1After he got up, he w_______ his face and hands then went to school.

2It's against the r_______ to touch the ball with one's hands.

3There are some plates, b______ and chopsticks on the table.

4Each person s___________ about 12 yuan a month on food.

5We're going to visit the Science M_______.

6It is too e__________ for me to buy.

7She can produce d__________ meal from very simple ingredients.

8I don't m___ him coming in late if he doesn't wake me up.

二、用所给单词的适当形式填空(20)

1What about __________ (swim)in the river?

2My sister _____ (have)beautiful long black hair.

3I ________ (visit)my uncle last weekend.

4I was ________ (real)tired after the game.

5What do you do on _______(sun) days?

6Let's stop ________ (talk)Grandpa wants to sleep.

7Tom ________ (visit)his grandparents last month.

8It's a _______(rain)day.Let's stay at home.

9Where _____ (be)you last nightI looked for you everywhere.

10___ (be)carefulOr you will break it.

一、单项选择(10)

1—Susan, why are you still here? They are all ready to start.

—I'm sorry, but I ________ when to leave.

Adon't tell  Bdidn't tell  Cwasn't told

【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态,表示在过去的某个时间没有被告知,句意为很抱歉,但我没有被告知什么时候离开。【答案】C

2—How was your weekend?

—Great! We ________ a picnic by the lake.

Ahave  Bare having  Chad  Dwill have

【解析】考查一般过去时,表示过去某个时间发生的动作。句意为周末过得怎么样?”“太棒了!我们去湖边野餐了。故选C

3(2011·哈尔滨)Each of us has ________ life goalswhich will guide us to a bright future. Without life goalswe may waste our lifetime.

Aa little  Bfew  Ca few

【解析】考查代词辨析。a little修饰不可数名词,排除A。而few表否定,意为没有几个,不符合句意。故选C

4(2011·凉山)I have ________ to tell you. Maybe you will be ________ in it.

Ainteresting somethinginterested

Bsomething interestinginteresting

Csomething interestinginterested

【解析】考查形容词的用法。形容词修饰不定代词时,应该放在其后面。be interested in是固定结构,意思是……感兴趣。因此,答案选择C项。

5—________?  —He has big eyes and a round face.

AWhat is Bob like     BWhat does Bob do

CWhat does Bob like   DWhat does Bob look like

【解析】考查句型。根据答语他有一双大眼睛和一张圆圆的脸可知是在问某人的长相,用What do/does sb. look like?句型。故选D

6(2011·沈阳)________ buy your ticket from a ticket machine.There are lots of people there.

ANot  BNot to  CDon't  DDon't to

【解析】考查特殊句式。祈使句的否定形式是在句子前面加don't,故答案为C

7(2011·枣庄)When you readdon't ________ every new word in the dictionary.Try to guess its meaning.

Alook up  Bwork out  Cmake up  Dgive up

【解析】考查词语辨析。look up“查找work out“解决;算出make up“组成give up“放弃。句意为在你阅读时,不要在字典中查每个生词。尽量猜测它的意思。故选A

8Most of the young people enjoy ________ Jay Chou's songs.

Asing  Bsang  Csinging  Dto sing

【解析】考查固定用法。enjoy doing sth.为固定用法,意为喜欢干某事,故选C

9—How do you like your Chinese teacher?   —________.

AYes, I like him very much    BHe is very kind

CI enjoy his class            DHis lesson is boring

【解析】考查特殊句型。句意为你认为你的语文老师怎么样?”“他很善良。故选B

10(2011·凉山)—I missed the basketball game between Class 1 and Class 3 yesterday.

—Really________ It was great.

AWhat a pity!           BDon't mention it.

CI'm glad to hear that.

【解析】考查交际用语。A太遗憾了B不提了C我听到那个很高兴。由上句我昨天错过了1班和3班的篮球赛可以判断此处表示遗憾,故选A

三、阅读理解(10)

Once there was a piano player in a bar(酒吧). People came just to hear him play. But one night, a lady asked him to sing a song.

“I don't sing” said the man.

But the lady told the waiter, “I'm tired of listening to the piano. I want the player to sing

The waiter shouted across the room, “Hey, friend! If you want to get paid, sing a song

So he did. He had never sung in public before. Now he was singing for the very first time! Nobody had ever heard the song Mona Lisa sung so beautifully!

    He had talent(天赋) he was sitting on! He may have lived the rest of his life as a no­name piano player in a no­name bar. But once he found, by accident, that he could sing well, he went on working hard and became one of the best­known singers in the US. His name was Nat King Cole.

   You, too, have skills and abilities. You may not feel that your talent is great, but it may be better than you think. With hard work, most skills can be improved. Besides, you may have no success at all if you just sit on your talent.

1The lady asked the player to sing a song because ________.

Ashe had paid him for this            Bshe knew him very well

Cshe wanted to have a change          Dshe enjoyed his singing

【解析】由第三段中“I'm tired of listening to the piano.”可知那位女士想有一个改变。

【答案】C

2Nat King Cole succeeded because ________.

Athe lady helped him a lot           Bhe caught the chance

Che continued to play in the bar     Dhe stopped playing the piano

【解析】由倒数第二段第三句可知,Nat King Cole取得成功是因为他抓住机会并不断努力。

【答案】B

3The words “sit on” in the passage probably mean ________.

Afail to realize  Bforget to use   Ctry to develop   Dmanage to show

【解析】通读全文可知“sit on”意为没有认识到。【答案】A

4From the story we know if you have some talent, you should ________.

Ahide it and wait        Bask others for help

Cpay no attention to it  Dwork hard to improve yourself

【解析】通过本文我们可以得知,如果自己有某方面的天赋,应继续努力来提高自己。【答案】D

5Which could be the best title(标题) for the passage?

ASing in the Bar         BAchieve Success in Life

CNever Lose Heart        DFind Your Hidden Talent

【解析】本文主要告诉我们,要发掘自身的天赋并为之努力,因此选D

五、书面表达(20)

请以“How To Be A Good Child为题写一篇小作文。词数:80100

提示:可以从在校内、校外和在家里该怎么做等方面入手来写。

温馨提示:短文中请勿使用真实姓名、地点或所在学校名称。

How To Be A Good Child?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

As a child, we should respect parents and teachers. At school, we should study well and finish our homework carefully. When we are at home, we should help mother do some housework. In the public, we d better not talk loudly. Don t throw litter or spit everywhere.

At last, I think it’s very important for us to do everything on time and keep promises.

 

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